Also known as the “Sacred Cat of Burma,” Birmans are colorpoint cats, meaning they have a darker color on their tail, legs, ears and face, much like the Siamese or the Himalayan division of the Persian. In the cat-show world, the white front paws are referred to as gloves and the back paws as socks. Terms most frequently used to describe this breed are gentle, polite, affectionate and outgoing.

Breed Details

Traditional colors accepted by CFA and TICA include seal, blue, chocolate and lilac. Nontraditional coats, also accepted by both organizations, include red, tortie and lynx varieties. TICA also recognizes all pointed colors, solid particolor point, lynx (silver and nonsilver) particolor, tortie, particolor point and smoke particolor point.

An occasional bath and weekly brushing keep Birmans looking regal.

National Breed Club:

North American Birman Fanciers. Birmans were recognized in France in 1925. Fanciers believe the first Birmans arrived in the United States in 1925 and were accepted for show in both the United States and England in the 1960s.


Friendly and affectionate, the breed is considered a comfortable blend between energetic shorthaired breeds and more subdued longhaired breeds.


Birmans' silky, medium-to-long coats are remarkably manageable. Medium in size, Birmans have sweet, rounded, brilliant-blue eyes, a firm chin and a heavy ruff around the neck.