The change in competition at the plankton level would also alter competition all the way up the food chain.
Fanning was in a surfing competition at Jeffrey's Bay when the shark approached him.
Microsoft co-founder's three year endeavor will visit more than 400 locations worldwide to assess health of sharks and rays.
Coral conservation gets an unlikely boost from the jewelry and design industries.
A fisherman from Long Island captured some footage of a great white shark taking huge chunks of flesh and blubber off a dead whale.
The corals come from mesophotic reefs that are usually less studied.
Study says dredging on coral reefs has adverse effects on reef species.