© Gina Cioli/I-5 Studio
If a bladder stone is preventing a rabbit from urinating, it is a emergency and the rabbit needs to be taken to a veterinarian without delay.
Q: My 2-year-old pet bunny is screaming due to a bladder stone. What can I do?
Typically, rabbit bladder stones do not cause pain, at least that we recognize. Interestingly, people report that a stone in the ureter or urethra is about as painful as it gets. Possibly, to cause that much pain that your rabbit was screaming, the stone or stones were passing through the ureter in your rabbit?
In your rabbit, the stone may have moved, making urination impossible and that can then lead to pain. So, what can you do?
Unfortunately, we do not understand in entirety why stones form and re-form in rabbits. Removing the stone, improving the diet and increasing water intake are all ways to help rabbits that have urinary tract stones. We also place rabbits on pain medication, usually including anti-inflammatories, and also antibiotics in case there is a secondary infection due to the bladder stone.