Papillon Resource


Its beautiful, butterfly-like ears give the Papillon its name. A white blaze running up the center of the forehead is preferred and further enhances the butterfly look. While the name Papillon (French for butterfly) refers to the breed’s erect, fringed, mobile ears, earliest examples of the breed, which has been known for about 700 years, were of the drop-eared, or phalene, variety. The Papillon is an elegant, friendly toy dog measuring from 8 to 11 inches at the shoulder. Its long coat is fine and silky, adorned with a frill on the chest. The coat is usually white with patches of color from lemon to deep chestnut, but it can also be black and white with tan markings. Nose, eye rims and lips are black. The richly plumed tail is set high, arched over the body. The Papillon makes an excellent family pet for any size home and is ideally suited for stay-at-home types. Weekly brushing and the occasional bath are all the grooming required, and two or three short walks or playtimes each day meet the little dog’s exercise needs. Although small, the Papillon is fond of children and is a good playmate as long as things don’t get rough. These dogs are smart and willing to learn just about anything, including pulling tiny carts. The breed tends to be protective and makes a great watchdog.

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Breed Details

Country of Origin:
Small Dog Breed
Parti-color, or white with patches of any color. Symmetrical facial markings and a white blaze and noseband.

Abundant, long, fine, silky, flowing, straight with no undercoat. A profuse frill on chest and well-fringed ears.


Weekly grooming. Brush daily.

Life Expectancy:
13 to 16 years
AKC Group:
Toy Group
UKC Group:
8 to 11 inches at the withers
Proportionate to height
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